Almost all of the chemical symbols for elements when you look at the table that is periodic sense; you will find a little selection, nonetheless, that seem to bear no reference to their elementвЂ™s title. A few days ago, questions about these elements came up, so hereвЂ™s a look at their confusing symbols, along with the reasons behind them after the periodic table of rejected element names.
Sodium вЂ“ Natrium (Na)
SodiumвЂ™s Latin name, вЂnatriumвЂ™, derives through the Greek вЂnГtronвЂ™ (a title for salt carbonate). Its initial supply will be the Arabic work вЂnatrunвЂ™. Lots of contemporary languages nevertheless call the element natrium rather than salt, also itвЂ™s this title that its symbol that is chemical, arises from.
Potassium вЂ“ Kalium (K)
вЂKaliumвЂ™ is potassiumвЂ™s Latin name, and derives from the Arabic вЂal qal Д« yвЂ™, meaning вЂњcalcined ashesвЂќ (the ashes remaining whenever plant product is burned). A number of modern languages still refer to potassium as kalium, and the name lends the element its chemical symbol, K as with sodium.
Iron вЂ“ Ferrum (Fe)
IronвЂ™s Latin title, вЂferrumвЂ™, provides it its sign Fe; it simply means вЂironвЂ™ or вЂswordвЂ™, and it is possibly of Semitic origin. The element is well known by many different names in various languages, with a few sources suggesting there are over 200 names that are different it. ThereвЂ™s an inventory of 213 of these right right right here.
Copper вЂ“ Cuprum (Cu)
ThereвЂ™s no shortage of elements known as after places, but copperвЂ™s title is more subdued than many. CopperвЂ™s Latin title had been вЂcypriumвЂ™, which it self originates from вЂkyprosвЂ™, the Greek title for Cyprus. The area of Cyprus ended up being centuries that are famous because of its copper reserves. The name had been ultimately simplified to вЂcuprumвЂ™, and also this sooner or later morphed to the English variation, copper.
Silver вЂ“ Argentum (Ag)
The Latin title for silver, вЂargentumвЂ™, is thought to derive initially from a language that is indo-european likely referring to your metalвЂ™s shininess. The united states Argentina is termed after silver (albeit indirectly as mention of the RГo de la Plata) and it is the country that is only be known as after a chemical element, as opposed to the other means around.
Tin вЂ“ Stannum (Sn)
TinвЂ™s Latin title, вЂstannumвЂ™, might be based on the Indo-European вЂstagвЂ™ (dripping) because tin melts at a temperature that is low. ThereвЂ™s also speculation it can be based on the Cornish вЂsteanвЂ™ as a result of CornwallвЂ™s tin that is famous, though likewise, other people declare that this term is just produced from the Latin.
Antimony вЂ“ Stibium (Sb)
The Latin вЂstibiumвЂ™ derives through the Greek word вЂstГbiвЂ™, meaning attention paint, discussing the usage of antimony substances being an old eye cosmetic. This term is with in turn likely produced from Arabic or Egyptian. Few nations relate to antimony as stibium today, despite its icon.
Tungsten вЂ“ Wolfram (W)
Wolfram ended up being known as following the mineral it absolutely was present in, wolframite. That is from theвЂwolf that is german, or вЂwolfвЂ™s foamвЂ™, talking about the quantity of tin вЂeatenвЂ™ by the steel during its removal. Wolfram continues to be utilized in a few languages. Tungsten is from Swedish, and means hefty rock вЂ“ significantly apt, since itвЂ™s the 7th densest element within the periodic dining dining table.
Silver вЂ“ Aurum (Au)
The Latin title for gold had been вЂaurumвЂ™, meaning вЂyellowвЂ™, derived through the word вЂauroraвЂ™ (вЂdawnвЂ™). The name вЂgoldвЂ™, used in Germanic languages, means вЂyellow, shining metalвЂ™; a number of other European languages utilize derivatives of aurum.
Mercury вЂ“ Hydrargyrum (Hg)
MercuryвЂ™s initial Latin title was actually вЂargentum vivumвЂ™ (living silver), but Latin later borrowed through the Greek вЂhydrargyrosвЂ™ (fluid silver) to offer вЂhydrargyrumвЂ™. The English that is original name the element was вЂquicksilverвЂ™. Alchemists considered that it is near to silver, and due to this they known as it Mercury, following the earth closest to your Sun. A number of the other metals understood since antiquity got names corresponding towards the planets, too, but MercuryвЂ™s is the only person thatвЂ™s stuck.
Lead вЂ“ Plumbum
LeadвЂ™s Latin title, вЂplumbumвЂ™, likely originally derives from a language pre-dating Ancient Greek. This Latin name normally the foundation for the English words вЂplumbingвЂ™ and вЂplumberвЂ™, as a result of the historic utilization of lead in water pipelines.
References & Further Reading